Keywords

Polyelectrolyte complex; metal ions; hydrogels; electrospinning; diffusion

Abstract

A polyelectrolyte complex is formed by mixing two oppositely charged polyelectrolytes in a solution. The electrostatic interactions between partially charged polymeric chains lead to the formation of a stable complex while avoiding the use of covalent cross linkers. Since complex formation can improve the stability of polyelectrolyte and metal ions in polyelectrolyte can provide various functionalities, PECs incorporated with metal ions are promising candidates for manufacturing stable and multifunctional structures. While the coordination of metal ions and polyelectrolytes has been extensively investigated in solutions and multilayer films, to our knowledge, no research has been performed to study the effect of metal ion/polyelectrolyte interactions on PECs structures and properties. The following research demonstrates the impact of different metal ions in controlling PEC structure morphology and applications. These discoveries indicate great potential of metal ions in PECs to fabricate functional PEC nanostructures. The research investigates the effect of the interactions between different metal ions and polyelectrolytes on the morphology and properties of PECs, explore the fabrication of different structures using embedded metal ions and understand the impact of metal ion/polyelectrolyte interactions on the nanoparticle structures. The research concludes: 1) incorporating metal ions of different valence into PECs introduces metal ion/polyelectrolyte interactions that can tune the morphology of PECs; 2) metal ion/polyelectrolyte interactions can be used to control the PECs swelling properties and stability in aqueous solutions; 3) the release of embedded metal ions from PECs to aqueous solutions is affected by metal ion/polyelectrolyte interactions; and 4) the embedded metal ions function as a reagent reservoir for various applications to produce functional structures.

Notes

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Graduation Date

2014

Semester

Fall

Advisor

Zhai, Lei

Degree

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)

College

College of Sciences

Department

Chemistry

Degree Program

Chemistry

Format

application/pdf

Identifier

CFE0005833

URL

http://purl.fcla.edu/fcla/etd/CFE0005833

Language

English

Release Date

June 2018

Length of Campus-only Access

3 years

Access Status

Doctoral Dissertation (Campus-only Access)

Subjects

Dissertations, Academic -- Sciences; Sciences -- Dissertations, Academic

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