Focal plane array, Slot antenna, MOM diode, Infrared antenna, Millimeter-wave antenna, dual-band detectors
The infrared and millimeter-wave portions of the spectrum both have their advantages for development of imaging systems. Because of the difference in wavelengths, infrared imagers offer inherently high resolution, while millimeter-wave systems have better penetration through atmospheric aerosols such as fog and smoke. Shared-aperture imaging systems employing a common focal-plane array that responds to both wavebands are desirable from the viewpoint of overall size and weight. We have developed antenna-coupled sensors that respond simultaneously at 30 THz and at 94 GHz, utilizing electron-beam lithography. Slot-antenna designs were found to be particularly suitable for coupling radiation into metal-oxide-metal (MOM) tunnel diodes at both frequencies. The MOM diodes are fabricated in a layered structure of Ni-NiO-Ni, and act as rectifying contacts. With contact areas as low as 120 nm × 120 nm, these diodes have time constants commensurate with rectification at frequencies across the desired millimeter-wave and infrared bands. One challenge in the development of true focal-plane array imagers across this factor-of-300 bandwidth is that the optimum spatial sampling interval on the focal plane is different in both bands. We have demonstrated a focal plane with interleaved infrared and millimeter-wave sensors by fabricating infrared antennas in the ground plane of the millimeter-wave antenna. Measured performance data in both bands are presented for individual antenna-coupled sensors as well as for devices in the dual-band focal-plane-array format.
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Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)
College of Engineering and Computer Science
Electrical and Computer Engineering
Length of Campus-only Access
Doctoral Dissertation (Open Access)
Abdel Rahman, Mohamed, "Antenna-coupled Tunnel Diodes For Dual-band Millimeter-wave/infrared F" (2004). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 158.