Keywords

Gas turbines -- Cooling

Abstract

Film cooling is investigated on a flat plate both numerically and experimentally. Conical shaped film hole are investigated extensively and contribute to the current literature data, which is extremely rare in the open public domain. Both configuration of the cylindrical film holes, with and without a trench, are investigated in detail. Design of experiment technique was performed to find an optimum combination of both geometrical and fluid parameters to achieve the best film cooling performance. From this part of the study, it shows that film cooling performance can be enhanced up to 250% with the trenched film cooling versus non-trenched case provided the same amount of coolant. Since most of the relevant open literature is about film cooling on flat plate endwall cascade with linear extrusion airfoil, the purpose of the second part of this study is to examine the interaction of the secondary flow inside a 3D cascade and the injected film cooling jets. This is employed on the first stage of the aircraft gas turbine engine to protect the curvilinear (annular) endwall platform. The current study investigates the interaction between injected film jets and the secondary flow both experimentally and numerically at high Mach number (M=0.7). Validation shows good agreement between obtained data with the open literature. In general, it can be concluded that with an appropriate film coolant to mainstream blowing ratio, one can not only achieve the best film cooling effectiveness (FCE or η) on the downstream endwall but also maintain almost the same aerodynamic loss as in the un-cooled baseline case. Film performance acts nonlinearly with respect to blowing ratios as with film iv cooling on flat plate, in the other hand, with a right blowing ratio, film cooling performance is not affect much by secondary flow. In turn, film cooling jets do not increase pressure loss at the downstream wake area of the blades.

Notes

If this is your thesis or dissertation, and want to learn how to access it or for more information about readership statistics, contact us at STARS@ucf.edu

Graduation Date

2010

Semester

Fall

Advisor

Kapat, Jayanta

Degree

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)

College

College of Engineering and Computer Science

Department

Mechanical, Materials, and Aerospace Engineering

Degree Program

Thermo-Fluid Sciences

Format

application/pdf

Identifier

CFE0003546

URL

http://purl.fcla.edu/fcla/etd/CFE0003546

Language

English

Release Date

December 2013

Length of Campus-only Access

3 years

Access Status

Doctoral Dissertation (Open Access)

Subjects

Dissertations, Academic -- Engineering and Computer Science, Engineering and Computer Science -- Dissertations, Academic

Included in

Engineering Commons

Share

COinS