Simulations, laser ablation, semiconductors
We present a model of laser-solid interactions in silicon based on an empirical potential developed under conditions of strong electronic excitations. The parameters of the interatomic potential depends on the temperature of the electronic subsystem Te, which is directly related to the density of the electron-hole pairs and hence the number of broken bonds. We analyze the dynamics of this potential as a function of electronic temperature Te and lattice temperature Tion. The potential predicts phonon spectra in good agreement with finite-temperature densityfunctional theory, including the lattice instability induced by the high electronic excitations. For 25fs pulse, a wide range of fluence values is simulated resulting in heterogeneous melting, homogenous melting, and ablation. The results presented demonstrate that phase transitions can usually be described by ordinary thermal processes even when the electronic temperature Te is much greater than the lattice temperature TL during the transition. However, the evolution of the system and details of the phase transitions depend strongly on Te and corresponding density of broken bonds. For high enough laser fluence, homogeneous melting is followed by rapid expansion of the superheated liquid and ablation. Rapid expansion of the superheated liquid occurs partly due to the high pressures generated by a high density of broken bonds. As a result, the system is readily driven into the liquid-vapor coexistence region, which initiates phase explosion. These results strongly indicates that phase explosion, generally thought of as an ordinary thermal process, can occur even under strong non-equilibrium conditions when Te >>TL. In summary, we present a detailed investigation of laser-solid interactions for femtosecond laser pulses that yield strong far-from-equilibrium conditions.
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Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)
College of Engineering and Computer Science
Materials Science Engineering
Materials Science and Engineering
Length of Campus-only Access
Doctoral Dissertation (Open Access)
Dissertations, Academic -- Engineering and Computer Science, Engineering and Computer Science -- Dissertations, Academic
Shokeen, Lalit, "Multiscale Simulation Of Laser Ablation And Processing Of Semiconductor Materials" (2012). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 2420.