Electrospray, nanomanufacturing, gpu simulation, film deposition, quadrupole focusing, atomization
Electrospray is an atomization method subject to intense study recently due to its monodispersity and the wide size range of droplets it can produce, from nanometers to hundreds of micrometers. This thesis focuses on the numerical and theoretical modeling of the interaction of charged droplets from the single and multiplexed electrospray. We studied two typical scenarios: large area film depositions using multiplexed electrospray and fine pattern printings assisted by linear electrostatic quadrupole focusing. Due to the high computation power requirement in the unsteady n-body problem, graphical processing unit (GPU) which delivers 10 Tera flops in computation power is used to dramatically speed up the numerical simulation both efficiently and with low cost. For large area film deposition, both the spray profile and deposition number density are studied for different arrangements of electrospray and electrodes. Multiplexed electrospray with hexagonal nozzle configuration can not give us uniform deposition though it has the highest packing density. Uniform film deposition with variation < 5% in thickness was observed with the linear nozzle configuration combined with relative motion between ES source and deposition substrate. For fine pattern printing, linear quadrupole is used to focus the droplets in the radial direction while maintaining a constant driving field at the axial direction. Simulation shows that the linear quadrupole can focus the droplets to a resolution of a few nanometers quickly when the interdroplet separation is larger than a certain value. Resolution began to deteriorate drastically when the inter-droplet separation is smaller than that value. This study will shed light on using electrospray as a scalable nanomanufacturing approach.
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Master of Science in Mechanical Engineering (M.S.M.E.)
College of Engineering and Computer Science
Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
Mechanical Engineering; Thermofluids
Length of Campus-only Access
Masters Thesis (Open Access)
Dissertations, Academic -- Engineering and Computer Science, Engineering and Computer Science -- Dissertations, Academic
Yang, Weiwei, "Towards Scalable Nanomanufacturing: Modeling The Interaction Of Charged Droplets From Electrospray Using Gpu" (2012). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 2487.