Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy, laser plasma, thomson scattering, raman spectroscopy
Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) and Raman spectroscopy are still growing analytical and sensing spectroscopic techniques. They significantly reduce the time and labor cost in analysis with simplified instrumentation, and lead to minimal or no sample damage. In this dissertation, fundamental studies to improve LIBS analytical performance were performed and its fusion with Raman into one single sensor was explored. On the fundamental side, Thomson scattering was reported for the first time to simultaneously measure the electron density and temperature of laser plasmas from a solid aluminum target at atmospheric pressure. Comparison between electron and excitation temperatures brought insights into the verification of local thermodynamic equilibrium condition in laser plasmas. To enhance LIBS emission, Microwave-Assisted LIBS (MA-LIBS) was developed and characterized. In MA-LIBS, a microwave field extends the emission lifetime of the plasma and stronger time integrated signal is obtained. Experimental results showed sensitivity improvement (more than 20-fold) and extension of the analytical range (down to a few tens of ppm) for the detection of copper traces in soil samples. Finally, laser spectroscopy systems that can perform both LIBS and Raman analysis were developed. Such systems provide two types of complimentary information – elemental composition from LIBS and structural information from Raman. Two novel approaches were reported for the first time for LIBS-Raman sensor fusion: (i) an Ultra-Violet system which combines Resonant Raman signal enhancement and high ablation efficiency from UV radiation, and (ii) a Ti:Sapphire laser based NIR system which reduces the fluorescence interference in Raman and takes advantage of femtosecond ablation for LIBS.
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Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)
College of Optics and Photonics
Optics and Photonics
Length of Campus-only Access
Doctoral Dissertation (Open Access)
Dissertations, Academic -- Optics and Photonics, Optics and Photonics -- Dissertations, Academic
Liu, Yuan, "Development Of Laser Spectroscopy For Elemental And Molecular Analysis" (2013). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 2719.