Corrosion Inhibitor, Zinc Orthophosphate, ZOP, Drinking Water Quality, Drinking Water Distribution System, Corrosion Control
This dissertation consists of four papers concerning impacts of zinc orthophosphate (ZOP) inhibitor on iron, copper and lead release in a changing water quality environment. The mechanism of zinc orthophosphate corrosion inhibition in drinking water municipal and home distribution systems and the role of zinc were investigated. Fourteen pilot distribution systems (PDSs) which were identical and consisted of increments of PVC, lined cast iron, unlined cast iron and galvanized steel pipes were used in this study. Changing quarterly blends of finished ground, surface and desalinated waters were fed into the pilot distribution systems over a one year period. Zinc orthophosphate inhibitor at three different doses was applied to three PDSs. Water quality and iron, copper and lead scale formation was monitored for the one year study duration. The first article describes the effects of zinc orthophosphate (ZOP) corrosion inhibitor on surface characteristics of iron corrosion products in a changing water quality environment. Surface compositions of iron surface scales for iron and galvanized steel coupons incubated in different blended waters in the presence of ZOP inhibitor were investigated using X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) / Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (EDS). Based on surface characterization, predictive equilibrium models were developed to describe the controlling solid phase and mechanism of ZOP inhibition and the role of zinc for iron release. The second article describes the effects of zinc orthophosphate (ZOP) corrosion inhibitor on total iron release in a changing water quality environment. Development of empirical models as a function of water quality and ZOP inhibitor dose for total iron release and mass balances analysis for total zinc and total phosphorus data provided insight into the mechanism of ZOP corrosion inhibition regarding iron release in drinking water distribution systems. The third article describes the effects of zinc orthophosphate (ZOP) corrosion inhibitor on total copper release in a changing water quality environment. Empirical model development was undertaken for prediction of total copper release as a function of water quality and inhibitor dose. Thermodynamic models for dissolved copper based on surface characterization of scale that were generated on copper coupons exposed to ZOP inhibitor were also developed. Surface composition was determined by X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS). The fourth article describes the effects of zinc orthophosphate (ZOP) corrosion inhibitor on total lead release in a changing water quality environment. Surface characterization of lead scale on coupons exposed to ZOP inhibitor by X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS) was utilized to identify scale composition. Development of thermodynamic model for lead release based on surface analysis results provided insight into the mechanism of ZOP inhibition and the role of zinc.
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Taylor, James S.
Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)
College of Engineering and Computer Science
Civil and Environmental Engineering
Length of Campus-only Access
Doctoral Dissertation (Open Access)
Guan, Xiaotao, "Impact Of Zinc Orthophosphate Inhibitor On Distribution System Water Quality" (2007). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 3184.