grade 2, social norms, multidigit addition, mathematics instruction, conceptual learning
The purpose of this study was to examine how second graders use writing and language when they are learning to add multidigit numbers in mathematics class. Second grade students were taught addition conceptually with a focus on sharing their strategies and thought processes with each other during the mathematics lesson. Two social norms were established with students so that sharing information and asking for clarity when they did not understand would be natural and expected. Students kept a daily mathematics journal to answer the class's Problems of the Day. Patterns found in student journals indicated three stages of multidigit learning. In Stage One, students used little or no words to explain their solution, illustrations show students using counting by ones strategies. Stage Two represents students using appropriate mathematics strategies and vocabulary to explain their solutions in detail. Lastly, Stage Three consists of students solving multidigit problems with little or no word explaining their solution process and illustrations are few. Results of the study indicated that students' oral explanations of solutions to addition problems included more detail compared to students' written justification of similar problems.
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Master of Education (M.Ed.)
College of Education
Teaching and Learning Principles
K-8 Math and Science
Length of Campus-only Access
Masters Thesis (Open Access)
Hensley, Elizabeth, "The Influence Of Discourse And Journal Writing On Second Graders' Acquisition Of Multidigit Addition Concepts" (2007). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 3200.