Ferrate, Chlorine, THMs, Trihalomethanes, DBPs, Disinfection, E. coli, HPC
The objective of the study was to compare the trihalomethanes (THMs) produced from ferrate with hypochlorite and to determine how different the THM production would be for a given degree of disinfection (3 log reduction in Heterotrophic Plate Count (HPC)). Different water samples were collected from Lake Claire, Atlantic Ocean, and secondary effluent from an advanced wastewater treatment plant. THM formation was determined using a standard assay over 7 days at room temperature. In addition samples were tested for Total Coliform Escherichia coli (TC/E.coli), and heterotrophic bacteria using HPC by spreadplating on R2A agar. Dissolved organic carbon (DOC) was measured as well. Dosages of 2, 5, and 10 ppm of hypochlorite and ferrate were used for Lake Claire and Atlantic Ocean water, while 1, 2, and 5 ppm dosages were used for wastewater treatment effluent. Ferrate resulted in 48.3% ± 11.2% less THM produced for the same level of disinfection (i.e. approximately 3 logs reduction in HPC). Oxidation of DOC was relatively small with a 6.1 to 11.6 % decrease in DOC being observed for ferrate doses from 2 to 10 mg/L. Free chlorine oxidation of DOC was negligible.
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Master of Science in Environmental Engineering (M.S.Env.E.)
College of Engineering and Computer Science
Civil and Environmental Engineering
Length of Campus-only Access
Masters Thesis (Open Access)
Mukattash, Adhem, "Comparison Of Thm Formation During Disinfection: Ferrate Versus Free Chlorine For Different Source Waters" (2007). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 3271.