disks, arrays, redundancy, network, attack, defense
Graph theoretic modeling has served as an invaluable tool for solving a variety of problems since its introduction in Euler's paper on the Bridges of Königsberg in 1736 . Two amongst them of contemporary interest are the modeling of Redundant Arrays of Inexpensive Disks (RAID), and the identification of network attacks. While the former is vital to the protection and uninterrupted availability of data, the latter is crucial to the integrity of systems comprising networks. Both are of practical importance due to the continuing growth of data and its demand at increasing numbers of geographically distributed locations through the use of networks such as the Internet. The popularity of RAID has soared because of the enhanced I/O bandwidths and large capacities they offer at low cost. However, the demand for bigger capacities has led to the use of larger arrays with increased probability of random disk failures. This has motivated the need for RAID systems to tolerate two or more disk failures, without sacrificing performance or storage space. To this end, we shall first perform a comparative study of the existing techniques that achieve this objective. Next, we shall devise novel graph-theoretic algorithms for placing data and parity in arrays of n disks (n ≥ 3) that can recover from two random disk failures, for n = p - 1, n = p and n = 2p - 2, where p is a prime number. Each shall be shown to utilize an optimal ratio of space for storing parity. We shall also show how to extend the algorithms to arrays with an arbitrary number of disks, albeit with non-optimal values for the aforementioned ratio. The growth of the Internet has led to the increased proliferation of malignant applications seeking to breach the security of networked systems. Hence, considerable effort has been focused on detecting and predicting the attacks they perpetrate. However, the enormity of the Internet poses a challenge to representing and analyzing them by using scalable models. Furthermore, forecasting the systems that they are likely to exploit in the future is difficult due to the unavailability of complete information on network vulnerabilities. We shall present a technique that identifies attacks on large networks using a scalable model, while filtering for false positives and negatives. Furthermore, it also forecasts the propagation of security failures proliferated by attacks over time and their likely targets in the future.
Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)
College of Engineering and Computer Science
Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
Length of Campus-only Access
Doctoral Dissertation (Open Access)
Nanda, Sanjeeb, "Graph Theoretic Modeling: Case Studies In Redundant Arrays Of Independent Disks And Network Defense" (2007). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 3278.