Satellite, Attitude, Imagery, Model, Algorithm;
This thesis discusses the development and performance of an algorithm created to calculate satellite attitude based on the comparison of satellite "physical feature" models to information derived from edge detection performed on imagery of the satellite. The quality of this imagery could range from the very clear, close-up imagery that may come from an unmanned satellite servicing mission to the faint, unclear imagery that may come from a ground-based telescope investigating a satellite anomaly. Satellite "physical feature" models describe where an edge is likely to appear in an image. These are usually defined by physical edges on the structure of the satellite or areas where there are distinct changes in material property. The theory behind this concept is discussed as well as two different approaches to implement it. Various simple examples are used to demonstrate the feasibility of the concept. These examples are well-controlled image simulations of simple physical models with known attitude. The algorithm attempts to perform the edge detection and edge registration of the simulated image and calculate the most likely attitude. Though complete autonomy was not achieved during this effort, the concept and approach show applicability.
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Master of Science in Aerospace Engineering (M.S.A.E.)
College of Engineering and Computer Science
Mechanical, Materials and Aerospace Engineering
Length of Campus-only Access
Masters Thesis (Open Access)
Reinhart, Eric Brian, "An Algorithm For Determining Satellite Attitude By Comparing Physical Feature Models To Edges Detected In Satellite Or Ground-based Telescope Imagery" (2007). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 3315.