self-assembly, supramolecular structure, atomic force microscopy, liquid crystal imaging, finite element modeling, soft-lithography
Self-assembled lipid tubules are particularly attractive for inorganic synthesis and drug delivery because they have hollow cylindrical shapes and relatively rigid mechanical properties. In this thesis work, we have synthesized lipid tubules of 1,2-bis(tricosa-10,12-dinoyl)-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DC8,9PC) by self-assembly and polymerization in solutions. We demonstrate for the first time that both uniform and modulated molecular tilt orderings exist in the tubule walls, which have been predicted by current theories, and therefore provide valuable supporting evidences for self-assembly mechanisms of chiral molecules. Two novel methods are developed for studying the axial and radial deformations of DC8,9PC lipid tubules. Mechanical properties of DC8,9PC tubules are systematically studied in terms of persistence length, bending rigidity, strain energy, axial and radial elastic moduli, and critical force for collapse. Mechanisms of recovery and surface stiffening are discussed. Due to the high aspect ratio of lipid tubules, the hierarchical assembly of lipid tubules into ordered arrays and desired architectures is critical in developing their applications. Two efficient methods for fabricating ordered arrays of lipid tubules on solid substrates have been developed. Ordered arrays of hybrid silica-lipid tubes are synthesized by tubule array-templated sol-gel reactions. Ordered arrays of optical anisotropic fibers with tunable shapes and refractive indexes are fabricated. This thesis work provides a paradigm for molecularly engineered structures.
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Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)
College of Engineering and Computer Science
Mechanical, Materials and Aerospace Engineering;
Materials Science and Engineering
Length of Campus-only Access
Doctoral Dissertation (Open Access)
Zhao, Yue, "Self-assembled Lipid Tubules: Structures, Mechanical Properties, And Applications." (2007). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 3429.