irradiance, power spectral density, scintillation
A propagation experiment was designed, assembled, and conducted on an extended range to verify theoretical temporal models for weak to strong fluctuation theory. Laser light intensity was propagated over terrain at the Kennedy Space Center (Florida), and detected using optical receivers at a distance of 13.3 Km from the optical source. The intensity data from the experiment was used to generate an experimental Power Spectral Density (PSD) function. The theoretical Mutual Coherence Function (MCF) and Wave Structure Function (WSF) as set forth by Andrews/Phillips , were evaluated to determine the effective relationship between the statistical moments of the random optical field and the laser light intensity. Two scales of interest were identified (refractive large-scale and diffractive small-scale) and plotted revealing the characteristic shape of each component. In addition, statistical principles applied to the correlation/covariance function relationship and a graphical convolution process were used to generate a theoretical PSD function. Further, utilizing Taylor's "frozen turbulence" hypothesis an analysis of the theoretical temporal covariance function was performed. Functional forms for refractive and diffractive log-irradiance components were developed and used to generate a second theoretical PSD function. Finally, the experimental and theoretical Power Spectral Density functions are plotted on the same graph and a comparison is performed.
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Master of Science in Electrical Engineering (M.S.E.E.)
College of Engineering and Computer Science
Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
Length of Campus-only Access
Masters Thesis (Open Access)
Hershberger, Craig, "Comparison Of Theoretical Models Of Power Spectral Density To The Experimental Value For Spectrum Of Irradiance Fluctuations" (2008). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 3584.