Radiometric Calibration, TMI, Inter-Satellite calibration
This dissertation provides a robust radiometric calibration for the TRMM Microwave Imager to correct systematic brightness temperature errors, which vary dynamically with orbit position (time) and day of the year. The presence of a time-varying bias in TMI is confirmed by inter-calibration with WindSat and SSMI. This time varying bias is manifested as a time of day dependent variation of the relative biases between TMI and both WindSat and SSMI. In this dissertation, we provide convincing evidence that this time-varying Tb bias in TMI is caused by variations in the physical temperature of the emissive TMI reflector antenna. This dissertation provides an empirical correction that largely corrects this time-varying bias. The TMI bias is estimated by comparing the 10.7 GHz V-polarization channel observations with RTM Tb predictions, and the Tb correction is applied as a function of orbit time for every day of the one year period. Furthermore, this dissertation provides a qualitative physical basis for the estimated Tb bias patterns and provides conclusive evidence that the empirical correction applied to TMI Tb measurements (both ocean and land) largely corrects the time-varying TMI calibration. This is accomplished by demonstrating that the local time-of-day dependence (in the uncorrected TMI Tb values) is removed in the corrected TMI Tb's.
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Jones, W. Linwood;
Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)
College of Engineering and Computer Science
Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
Length of Campus-only Access
Doctoral Dissertation (Open Access)
Gopalan, Kaushik, "A Time-varying Radiometric Bias Correction For The Trmm Microwave Imager" (2008). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 3596.