data mining, virus detection, malicious software
Traditional way to detect malicious software is based on signature matching. However, signature matching only detects known malicious software. In order to detect unknown malicious software, it is necessary to analyze the software for its impact on the system when the software is executed. In one approach, the software code can be statically analyzed for any malicious patterns. Another approach is to execute the program and determine the nature of the program dynamically. Since the execution of malicious code may have negative impact on the system, the code must be executed in a controlled environment. For that purpose, we have developed a sandbox to protect the system. Potential malicious behavior is intercepted by hooking Win32 system calls. Using the developed sandbox, we detect unknown virus using dynamic instruction sequences mining techniques. By collecting runtime instruction sequences in basic blocks, we extract instruction sequence patterns based on instruction associations. We build classification models with these patterns. By applying this classification model, we predict the nature of an unknown program. We compare our approach with several other approaches such as simple heuristics, NGram and static instruction sequences. We have also developed a method to identify a family of malicious software utilizing the system call trace. We construct a structural system call diagram from captured dynamic system call traces. We generate smart system call signature using profile hidden Markov model (PHMM) based on modularized system call block. Smart system call signature weakly identifies a family of malicious software.
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Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)
College of Engineering and Computer Science
Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
Length of Campus-only Access
Doctoral Dissertation (Open Access)
Dai, Jianyong, "Detecting Malicious Software By Dynamicexecution" (2009). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 3993.