Keywords

Syngas, shock tube, ignition delay, chemical kinetics

Abstract

Shock-tube experiments were performed with syngas mixtures near atmospheric pressure with varying equivalence ratios behind reflected shock waves. Pressure and hydroxyl radical (OH*) emission traces were recorded and used to calculate ignition delay time for a single mixture at equivalence ratios of [phi ]=0.4, 0.7, 1.0, and 2.0 over a range of temperatures from 913-1803 K. The syngas mixture was tested at full concentration as well as with 98% dilution in Argon. The full concentration mixtures were used to compare ignition delay time measurements with the theoretical calculations obtained through the use of chemical kinetics modeling using the Davis et al. mechanism. The dilute mixtures were used to study the OH* emission profiles compared to those of the kinetics model. The model was in poor agreement with the experimental data especially at lower temperatures with an ignition delay difference of more than an order of magnitude. These ignition delay time data supplement the few existing data and are in relative agreement. The species profile comparison of OH* compared to the model also showed poor agreement, with the worst agreement at the highest temperatures. While the disagreements with ignition delay time and profile comparisons cannot be explained at this time, the data presented support other findings. The data provide additional information towards understanding this disagreement relative to syngas mixtures despite the relatively well known kinetics of the primary constituents Hydrogen and Carbon Monoxide.

Notes

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Graduation Date

2009

Advisor

Kassab, Alain

Degree

Master of Science in Mechanical Engineering (M.S.M.E.)

College

College of Engineering and Computer Science

Department

Mechanical, Materials and Aerospace Engineering

Degree Program

Mechanical Engineering

Format

application/pdf

Identifier

CFE0002552

URL

http://purl.fcla.edu/fcla/etd/CFE0002552

Language

English

Release Date

April 2014

Length of Campus-only Access

None

Access Status

Masters Thesis (Open Access)

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