Keywords

rib turbulator, heat transfer;

Abstract

Heat transfer and pressure data were performed and reported on two different rigs. The first rig has an aspect ratio of (19:1) with two different inlet conditions and the second rig is composed of two different aspect ratio channels, (1:8) and (1:4). Rib turbulators were used as a flow disruptor scheme to enhance the heat transfer and friction factor. Rib aspect ratios ranging from (1:1) to (1:5) rib-height-to-width ratio were used. The first channel rib-width-to-pitch (Wr/P) ratio was kept at 1/2 where flow was kept at relatively low Reynolds numbers, between 3000 and 13000. Results from the current tests showed that existing correlations could be used for high aspect ratio channels in predicting the effectiveness of the cooling scheme. Two different inlet conditions were tested; one was arranged so that the flow was hydrodynamically fully-developed at the entrance of the heated section, while the other uses an abrupt entrance from bleeding off mass flow from a horizontal channel. The heat transfer augmentation (compared to a well known and accepted correlation proposed by Dittus-Boelter) in these channels are extremely high with an average of 350% to 400%. However, this was accompanied by a substantial increase in the pressure drop, causing the overall thermal performance to increase between twenty to thirty percent. The second channel rib-width-to-pitch ratio (Wr/P) ranges from 0.1, 0.3, and 0.5; the flow conditions are tested from 20,000 to 40,000 Reynolds number. Correlations for heat transfer and friction augmentation of the test data was also given. The test shows large rib blockage ratio does not demonstrate the best thermal performance; however it does give a high heat transfer augmentation ranging from 200 to 300 percent for both aspect ratios depending on the width of the used ribs.

Notes

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Graduation Date

2009

Advisor

Kapat, Jayanta

Degree

Master of Science in Mechanical Engineering (M.S.M.E.)

College

College of Engineering and Computer Science

Department

Mechanical, Materials and Aerospace Engineering

Degree Program

Mechanical Engineering

Format

application/pdf

Identifier

CFE0002782

URL

http://purl.fcla.edu/fcla/etd/CFE0002782

Language

English

Release Date

July 2014

Length of Campus-only Access

None

Access Status

Masters Thesis (Open Access)

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