Keywords

premature neonate, euglycemia, hyperglycemia, hypoglycemia, non-eglycemia events

Abstract

This study examined the rates and risks of premature neonates >2500grams developing intraoperative non-euglycemia events (IONEE). A retrospective chart review of 26 premature neonates >2500 grams who underwent surgical procedures between January 1 and December 31, 2009 was conducted. Statistical analysis was done using Chi square and t-tests. Ten of the 26 subjects (38%) experienced an IONEE. Hyperglycemia was the primary IONEE that was noted in the neonates. (Mean: 143.19; sd: 56.041) Length of surgery was significantly longer in those premature neonates with IONEE than those with euglycemia (71.7 0± 27.03 vs. 45.62 ± 17.98 minutes). All IONEE subjects received general anesthesia (n=10) while none of those with only intravenous anesthesia had an IONEE (X2 (1) = 4.875, p=.027). Subjects with IONEE had a higher mean preoperative glucose level (127.11 gm/dL ± 31.66) than those who did not experienced IONEE (86.36 gm/dL ± 29.39; t(21) = 3.151, p=.005). A higher proportion of subjects who developed IONEE had the capillary heel (60%) as opposed to an arterial (40%) site for blood collection (X2 (1) = 6.518, p =.001). Also, subjects free of preoperative pulmonary complications were more prone to develop IONEE (X2 (1)= 8.60, p = .003). The presence of IONEE was associated with development of metabolic acidosis (X2 (1)= 5.426, p=.020) and lower postoperative pH values (7.19 ± 0.20 vs. 7.35 ± 0.11). Anesthesia providers need to establish intraoperative guidelines for the monitoring and treatment of IONEE to protect these premature neonates from having complications such as developmental delay.

Notes

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Graduation Date

2010

Advisor

Talbert, Steve

Degree

Doctor of Nursing Practice (D.N.P.)

College

College of Nursing

Department

Nursing

Degree Program

Nursing Practice

Format

application/pdf

Identifier

CFE0003300

URL

http://purl.fcla.edu/fcla/etd/CFE0003300

Language

English

Release Date

July 2011

Length of Campus-only Access

None

Access Status

Doctoral Dissertation (Open Access)

Included in

Nursing Commons

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