Keywords

Carbon nanotubes, CNTs, phenolic resin, Raman, load transfer

Abstract

Strengthening potential of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) in a phenolic resin composite was evaluated by characterization of purified and phenyl sulfonated SWCNTs, investigation of the load transfer capability of the purified SWCNTs, and characterization of the composites. Purified and phenyl sulfonated SWCNTs, as well as their composites, were examined by Raman spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, scanning electron microscopy equipped with energy dispersive spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and ultra violet-visible spectrometry. Fabrication of the SWCNT/phenolic resin composite was performed by first dispersing the SWCNTs in ethylene glycol and then homogenizing the mixture with phenolic resin. The ethylene glycol was then evaporated from the mixture and the SWCNT/phenolic resin composite was cured at 200°C for 1 hour. The dispersion of SWCNTs in the phenolic resin was reduced with higher SWCNT concentrations. Load was transferred from the phenolic resin to the purified SWCNTs. This demonstrated the potential to strengthen phenolic resin composite with SWCNT reinforcement. The load transfer efficiency in total tension (0.8%) decreased with an increase in SWCNT concentration, while in total compression (-0.8%), the load transfer efficiency remained constant. At very low strain (± 0.2%), the load transfer efficiency remained constant regardless of SWCNT concentration in both tension and compression. Characterization of the phenyl sulfonated SWCNTs indicated that calcium was introduced as a contaminant that interfered with functionalization of the SWCNTs. The use of contaminated phenyl sulfonated SWCNTs resulted in macroscopic inhomogeneity within the composite.

Notes

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Graduation Date

2010

Advisor

Sohn, Yong-Ho

Degree

Master of Science in Materials Science and Engineering (M.S.M.S.E.)

College

College of Engineering and Computer Science

Department

Mechanical, Materials and Aerospace Engineering;

Degree Program

Materials Science & Engineering

Format

application/pdf

Identifier

CFE0003070

URL

http://purl.fcla.edu/fcla/etd/CFE0003070

Language

English

Release Date

April 2015

Length of Campus-only Access

None

Access Status

Masters Thesis (Open Access)

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