STRENGTH OF PERVIOUS PAVEMENTS
This thesis presents a study on the strength properties of the different pervious pavement systems installed at the Stormwater Management Academy field laboratory at University of Central Florida (UCF), Orlando. The strength tests were performed both in the laboratory and in the field. Laboratory testing was conducted to determine the compressive strength and flexural strength of the various pavement surfaces. Evaluation of field pavement performance was performed by comparing the deflection basins using the Falling Weight Deflectometer test on pervious concrete and porous asphalt with conventional impervious concrete and asphalt pavements of similar layer profile and thickness, respectively. From literature and previous work at the academy, it is evident that pervious pavements should not be used to withstand heavy traffic loading. They are mostly used in low traffic volume areas such as parking lots, driveways, walkways and some sub-divisional roads. This research studied the compressive strength and flexural moduli. Also it investigated the relationship between the compressive strength and void ratio, unit weight and volume by carrying out laboratory testing of different pervious pavements such as pervious concrete, porous asphalt, recycled rubber tires, recycled glass and porous aggregate. Different sizes of cylinders and beams were cast in place molds for these laboratory tests. Furthermore, the in-situ resilient moduli of the twenty four pavement sections in our research driveway were back calculated with Modulus 6.0 (Liu, et al., 2001) computer program. The calculated deflection basins were compared to the results obtained from a well known computer program called KENPAVE (Huang, 2004). The design of the requisite pavement layer thickness design was performed by doing hand calculations using American Association of State Highway Transportation Officials (AASHTO) method for flexible and rigid pavements and utilizing a Texas Transportation Institute (TTI) computer software known as FPS 19W (Liu, et al., 2006). The structural number for flexible pavements were calculated and tabulated for two different reliability levels (90% and 95%). Traffic loading was estimated in the absence of actual traffic count measurement devices at the field test site. Based on the laboratory testing, the maximum compressive strength of the cored pervious concrete was about 1730 psi. Backcalculated pervious concrete and porous asphalt moduli values were within the specified range discussed in literature. The in-situ modulus of elasticity range for pervious concrete is found to be 740 - 1350 ksi, for porous asphalt 300 - 1100 ksi, for permeable pavers 45 - 320 ksi, for recycled rubber tire 20 - 230 ksi, recycled glass pavement 850 ksi and porous aggregate 150 ksi. For low volume traffic loading, the minimum layer thickness was calculated for rigid pavements and it is presented in this study. In conclusion, this research summarizes the result of laboratory and field testing performed at the University of Central Florida Stormwater Management Academy Research laboratory to determine the strength related properties of pervious pavement systems.
Master of Science (M.S.)
College of Engineering and Computer Science
Civil and Environmental Engineering
Length of Campus-only Access
Masters Thesis (Open Access)
Uju, Ikenna, "A Study Of The Strength Of Pervious Pavement Systems" (2010). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 4414.