Optical properties, plasmons, excitons, photoluminescence, magnetic properties
In this thesis, Density Functional Theory and Time-Dependent Density-Functional Theory approaches are applied to study the optical and magnetic properties of several types of nanostructures. In studies of the optical properties we mainly focused on the plasmonic and excitonic effects in pure and transition metal-doped noble metal nanochains and their conglomerates. In the case of pure noble metal chains, it was found that the (collective) plasmon mode is pronounceable when the number of atoms in the chain is larger than 5. The plasmon energy decreases with further with increasing number of atoms (N) and is almost N-independent when N is larger than 20. In the case of coupled pure chains it was found that the plasmon energy grows as square root of the number of chains, and reaches the visible light energy 1.8eV for the case of three parallel chains. Doping of pure Au chains with transition-metal atoms leads in many cases to formation of additional plasmon peaks close in energy to the undoped chain peak. This peak comes from the local charge oscillations around the potential minima created by the impurity atom. The effect is especially pronounced for Ni-doped chains. In the multiple-chain case, we find an unusual hybridization of the two different (local and collective) plasmon modes. Changing the chain size and chemical composition in the array can be used to tune the absorption properties of nanochains. The case of coupled finite (plasmonic) and infinite (semiconductor, excitonic) chains was also analyzed. We find that one can get significant exciton-plasmon coupling, including hybridized modes and energy transfer between these excitations, in the case of doped chains. The impurity atoms are found to work as attraction centers for excitons. This can be used to transform the exciton energy into local plasmon oscillations with consequent emission at desired point (at which the impurity is located). In a related study the optical properties of single layer MoS2 was analyzed with a focus on the possibility of ultrafast emission, In particular, it was found that the system can emit in femto-second regime under ultrafast laser pulse excitations. Finally, we have studied the magnetic properties of FeRh nanostructures to probe whether there is an antiferromagnetic to ferromagnetic transition as a function of the ratio of Fe and Rh atoms, as in the bulk alloy.. Surprisingly, the ferromagnetic phase is found to be much more stable for these nanostructures as compared to the bulk, which suggests that band-type effects may be responsible for this transition in the bulk, i.e. the transition cannot be described in terms of modification of the Heisenberg model parameters.
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Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)
College of Sciences
Length of Campus-only Access
Doctoral Dissertation (Open Access)
Dissertations, Academic -- Sciences; Sciences -- Dissertations, Academic
Nayyar, Neha, "Optical and Magnetic properties of nanostructures" (2014). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 4794.