Keywords

diffusion, interdiffusion, MCrAlY, NiAl, NiCoCrAlY, superalloy, diffusion coefficient, refractory

Abstract

Hot section components in gas turbines can be NiCoCrAlY-coated to provide the component with an Al reservoir that maintains a protective oxide layer on its surface. Over the service life of the component, the coatings degrade by composition and phase changes due to oxidation/hot-corrosion, and multicomponent interdiffusion from and into the superalloy substrate. In this study, the rate of Al interdiffusion into selected Ni-base superalloys using various diffusion couples of two-phase NiCoCrAlY (beta + gamma) and single beta-phase NiAl with the selected alloys is measured. The diffusion couples were examined with an emphasis on the composition-dependence of Al interdiffusion. Microstructural analysis of the NiCoCrAlY vs. superalloys couples is performed to examine the dependence of coatings lifetime on the superalloy composition. The beta-NiAl diffusion couples were analyzed to determine the integrated, apparent and average effective interdiffusion coefficient as a function of superalloy's composition. Concentration profiles were obtained by EPMA of the NiAl vs. superalloy diffusion couples. Findings of this study show that the lifetimes of NiCoCrAlY are heavily dependent on superalloy compositions. The rate of interdiffusion in the diffusion couples is affected by the refractory precipitate phase microstructure structures in the interdiffusion zones as well as by component interactions. The results of the beta-NiAl diffusion couples show that increasing concentrations of Cr, Mo and Ti in the superalloy increase the Al effective interdiffusion coefficient into the superalloy, while increasing concentrations of Al, Ta and W reduce it. Thus NiCoCrAlY-superalloy systems may be designed to produce optimal microstructures in the interdiffusion zone and minimize Al interdiffusion by consideration of these diffusional interactions.

Notes

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Graduation Date

2005

Semester

Summer

Advisor

Sohn, Yong-Ho

Degree

Master of Science in Materials Science and Engineering (M.S.M.S.E.)

College

College of Engineering and Computer Science

Department

Mechanical, Materials and Aerospace Engineering

Degree Program

Materials Science and Engineering

Format

application/pdf

Identifier

CFE0000681

URL

http://purl.fcla.edu/fcla/etd/CFE0000681

Language

English

Release Date

August 2005

Length of Campus-only Access

None

Access Status

Masters Thesis (Open Access)

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