Abstract

Electrochemical biosensors often employ enzymes as detection elements. These sensors are highly selective towards target analytes, however the scope of their application is limited by the poor stability of the enzyme. In this study, multi-valent inorganic cerium oxide nanoparticles were used as detection elements for the analysis of hydrogen peroxide. The electrochemical response of the cerium oxide towards hydrogen peroxide analyte is defined through cyclic voltammetry and chronoamperometry. This response was found to be dependent on nanoparticle Ce3+:Ce4+ redox state ratio and this property is exploited to fabricate a biosensor. As produced, the biosensor demonstrated sensitivity at picomolar analyte concentrations. Further, the sensitivity of the electrode is stable across a range of temperatures and pH's which inhibit the function of standard enzyme-based sensors. Additionally, the produced sensor retained function in sheep serum demonstrating the high selectivity and robustness of the sensor.

Notes

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Graduation Date

2016

Semester

Summer

Advisor

Seal, Sudipta

Degree

Master of Science in Materials Science and Engineering (M.S.M.S.E.)

College

College of Engineering and Computer Science

Department

Materials Science Engineering

Degree Program

Materials Science & Engineering

Format

application/pdf

Identifier

CFE0006362

URL

http://purl.fcla.edu/fcla/etd/CFE0006362

Language

English

Release Date

August 2016

Length of Campus-only Access

None

Access Status

Masters Thesis (Open Access)

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