lasers, Ophthalmology, LASIK
Lasers have been involved in Ophthalmology in the treatment of myopia and hyperopia for several years. Laser systems have transformed patients‟ quality of life, freeing them from the need for glasses, as in the case of LASIK. Ultrafast lasers have played an important role in surgery of the eye. In LASIK, they are used to cut the flap that is lifted to expose the stroma for UV Excimer laser treatment of this region. They are now being used for surgery deeper into the eye,for instance, treating the lens as part of treatments for cataract surgery. The use of ultrafast lasers in cataract surgery and how they can be applied to achieve better surgical outcomes is the focus of this work. It reports on an investigation of laser interaction at and near the anterior of the lens, in particular the boundary between the fibrous mass, capsule, and anterior chamber of the eye. The study reviews the biomechanics of the eye, develops an interaction model with lens tissue, and reports for the first time clinically studies using ex vivo testing of porcine eyes. The components of the treatment laser system are described along with the requirements. Results of the experiments are outlined and discussed, followed by a summary and conclusions including discussion of areas for further research.
Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)
College of Optics and Photonics
Length of Campus-only Access
Doctoral Dissertation (Open Access)
Olmstead, Richard Ty, "Photodisruption in Ocular Tissue Near and at the Boundary Between the Anterior Chamber and Crystalline Lens" (2011). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 5228.