Abstract

The chemical kinetics of 1,3-butadiene (1,3-C4H6) are important because 1,3-butadiene is a major intermediate during the combustion of real fuels. However, there is only limited information on the chemical kinetics of 1,3-butadiene combustion, which has applications in several combustion schemes that are currently being developed, including spark-assisted homogeneous charge compression ignition and fuel reformate exhaust gas recirculation. In the present work, the ignition delay times of 1,3-butadiene mixtures has been investigated using pressure data. Oxidation of 1,3-butadiene/oxygen mixtures diluted in argon or nitrogen at equivalence ratios (Φ) of 0.3 behind reflected shock waves has been studied at temperatures ranging from 1100 to 1300K and at pressures ranging from 1 to 2atm. Reaction progress was monitored by recording concentration time-histories of 1,3-butadiene and OH* radical at a location 2cm from the end wall of a 13.4m long shock tube with an inner diameter of 14cm. 1,3-Butadiene concentration time-histories were measured by absorption spectroscopy at 10.5µm from the P14 line of a tunable CO2 gas laser. OH* production was measured by recording emission around 306.5nm with a pre-amplified gallium phosphide detector and a bandpass filter. Ignition delay times were also determined from the OH* concentration time-histories. The measured concentration time-histories and ignition delay times were compared with two chemical kinetics models. The measured time-histories and ignition delay times provide targets for the refinement of chemical kinetic models at the studied conditions.

Graduation Date

2017

Semester

Spring

Advisor

Vasu Sumathi, Subith

Degree

Master of Science in Aerospace Engineering (M.S.A.E.)

College

College of Engineering and Computer Science

Department

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

Degree Program

Aerospace Engineering; Thermofluid Aerodynamic Systems

Format

application/pdf

Identifier

CFE0006618

URL

http://purl.fcla.edu/fcla/etd/CFE0006618

Language

English

Release Date

May 2020

Length of Campus-only Access

3 years

Access Status

Masters Thesis (Campus-only Access)

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