Laser ablation of GaAs by a combination of femtosecond and nanosecond pulses is investigated as a means of enhancing material removal by a femtosecond pulse in the filamentation intensity regime. We demonstrate for the first time increased ablation of GaAs by ultrafast laser pulse plasmas augmented by nanosecond pulse radiation from a secondary laser. Material removal during laser ablation is a complex process that occurs via multiple mechanisms over several timescales. Due to different pulse durations, ablation by femtosecond and nanosecond pulses are dominated by different mechanisms. Ablation can be enhanced by optimally combining a femtosecond and nanosecond pulse in time. In this work, the craters generated by combinations of pulses are investigated for inter-pulse delays ranging from -50ns to +1?s, with the fs pulse preceding the ns pulse corresponding to a positive delay. The Ti:Sapph Multi-Terawatt Femtosecond Laser (MTFL) in the Laser Plasma Laboratory (LPL) provides 50fs pulses at 800nm with intensities of 1014W/cm^2 at the sample. An Nd:YAG laser (Quantel CFR200) provides 8ns pulses at 1064nm with intensities of 109W/cm^2. Crater profilometry with white-light interferometry and optical microscopy determine the structure and surface features of the craters and the volume of material removed. Ultrafast shadowgraphy of the ejected plasma provides insight to the dual-pulse ablation dynamics. Sedov-Taylor analysis of the generated shockwave reveals the energy coupled to the sample or preceding plasma. It was found that inter-pulse delays between +40 and +200ns yielded craters 2.5x greater in volume than that of the femtosecond pulse alone, with a maximum enhancement of 2.7x at +100ns. Shadowgraphy of -40 to +40ns delays revealed that enhancement occurs when the nanosecond pulse couples to plasma generated by the fs pulse. This work provides a possible means of enhancing ablation by femtosecond filaments, which propagate long distances with clamped intensity, advancing long-range stand-off ablation
Master of Science (M.S.)
College of Optics and Photonics
Optics and Photonics
Optics and Photonics
Length of Campus-only Access
Masters Thesis (Campus-only Access)
Kerrigan, Haley, "Enhanced Ablation by Femtosecond and Nanoseond Pulses" (2017). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 5743.