Mechanical Alloying, Bulk Metallic Glasses, Fe-B alloy, solid solubility
A systematic study of iron-based binary and multi-component alloys was undertaken to study the structural evolution in these powders as a function of milling time during mechanical alloying. Blended elemental powders of Fe100-XBX (where x = 5, 10, 17, 20, 22, 25, 37.5 and 50 at. %) and a bulk metallic glass (BMG) composition (Fe60Co8Zr10Mo5W2B15) were subjected to mechanical alloying in a SPEX 8000 mixer mill. X-ray diffraction technique was employed to study the phase evolution, crystallite size, lattice strain and also to determine the crystal structure(s) of the phases. Depending on the milling time, formation of supersaturated solid solutions, intermetallics, and amorphous phases was noted in the binary Fe-B powder mixtures. A maximum of about 22 at. % B was found to dissolve in Fe in the solid state, and formation of FeB and Fe2B intermetallics was noted in some of the powder blends. However, an interesting observation that was made, for the first time, related to the formation of a crystalline phase on continued milling of the amorphous powder in the BMG composition. This phenomenon, termed mechanical crystallization, has been explored. Reasons for the mechanical crystallization of the amorphous powder using the X-ray diffraction and electron microscopy methods have been discussed. External heat treatments of the milled powder were also conducted to study the complete crystallization behavior of the amorphous phase. Preliminary attempts were made to consolidate the milled BMG powder to bulk shape by hot isostatic pressing (HIP) and magnetic compaction techniques. Full densification was not achieved. Nanoindentation and microhardness tests were performed to characterize the mechanical properties of the glassy alloy. Nanoindentation results gave an elastic modulus of 59 GPa, lower than the expected value of 184 GPa; due to the presence of porosity in the consolidated sample. Optimization of the consolidation parameters is required to achieve a fully dense material.
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Master of Science (M.S.)
College of Engineering and Computer Science
Mechanical, Materials and Aerospace Engineering
Materials Science and Engineering
Length of Campus-only Access
Masters Thesis (Open Access)
Patil, Umesh, "Structural Evolution In Mechanically Alloyed Fe-based Powder Systems" (2005). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 603.