Title

Determination Of Bound-Electronic And Free-Carrier Nonlinearities In Znse, Gaas, Cdte, And Znte

Title - Alternative

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B-Opt. Phys.

Keywords

2-Photon Absorption; Optical Bistability; Single-Beam; Semiconductors; Insb; Refraction; Dependence; Optics

Abstract

We extend the application of the Z-scan experimental technique to determine free-carrier nonlinearities in the presence of bound electronic refraction and two-photon absorption. We employ this method, using picosecond pulses in CdTe, GaAs, and ZnTe at 1.06-mu-m and in ZnSe at 1.06 and 0.53-mu-m, to measure the refractive-index change induced by two-photon-excited free carriers (coefficient sigma(r)), the two-photon absorption coefficient beta, and the bound electronic nonlinear refractive index n2. The real and imaginary parts of the third-order susceptibility (i.e., n2 and beta, respectively) are determined by Z scans with low inputs, and the refraction from carriers generated by two-photon absorption (an effective fifth-order nonlinearity) is determined from Z scans with higher input energies. We compare our experimental results with theoretical models and deduce that the three measured parameters are well predicted by simple two-band models. n2 changes from positive to negative as the photon energy approaches the band edge, in accordance with a recent theory of the dispersion of n2 in solids based on Kramers-Kronig transformations [Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 96 (1990); IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1296 (1991)]. We find that the values of sigma(r) are in agreement with simple band-filling models.

Publication Title

Journal of the Optical Society of America B-Optical Physics

Volume

9

Issue/Number

3

Publication Date

1-1-1992

Document Type

Article

Language

English

First Page

405

Last Page

414

WOS Identifier

WOS:A1992HG73300015

ISSN

0740-3224

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