Title

The Effect Of Imagery-Based Mnemonics On The Long-Term Retention Of Chinese Characters

Title - Alternative

Lang. Learn.

Keywords

Keyword Method; Vocabulary; Acquisition; Education & Educational Research; Linguistics

Abstract

Two studies compared the effects of imagery-based instruction and rote learning on the long-term recall of English translations of Chinese ideographs. Both studies used a 2x2 factorial design with Learning Condition (mnemonic vs. rote learning) and Time (immediate vs. delayed recall) as the between-subjects factors. In Study 1 total exposure time to Chinese ideographs and their English equivalents was held constant for both learning conditions. Cued recall was tested immediately and after a two-day delay. In Study 2 total exposure time for the rote learning group was increased so that the immediate recall performance for both learning conditions would be comparable. Also, the delayed retention period was lengthened to one week. Despite variations in procedure, the pattern of results obtained in both studies was the same: in no instance was there any indication that imagery-based mnemonics conferred an advantage beyond the immediate test of recall. In fact, greater forgetting was found under conditions of mnemonic learning compared to rote learning. This finding is discussed within a theoretical framework emphasizing the differential long-term effect of experimenter-imposed versus subject-generated encodings.

Publication Title

Language Learning

Volume

42

Issue/Number

3

Publication Date

1-1-1992

Document Type

Article

Language

English

First Page

359

Last Page

376

WOS Identifier

WOS:A1992JQ50700002

ISSN

0023-8333

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