Title

Hammock-On-Ears Decomposition: A Technique For The Efficient Parallel Solution Of Shortest Paths And Other Problems

Title - Alternative

Theor. Comput. Sci.

Keywords

Planar Graphs; Algorithm; Genus; Computer Science, Theory & Methods

Abstract

We show how to decompose efficiently in parallel any graph into a number, <(gamma)over tilde>, of outerplanar subgraphs (called hammocks) satisfying certain separator properties. Our work combines and extends the sequential hammock decomposition technique introduced by Frederickson and the parallel ear decomposition technique, thus we call it the hammock-on-ears decomposition. We mention that hammock-on-ears decomposition also draws from techniques in computational geometry and that an embedding of the graph does not need to be provided with the input. We achieve this decomposition in O(log n log log n) time using O(n + m) CREW PRAM processors, for an n-vertex, m-edge graph or digraph. The hammock-on-ears decomposition implies a general framework for solving graph problems efficiently. Its value is demonstrated by a variety of applications on a significant class of graphs, namely that of sparse (di)graphs. This class consists of all (di)graphs which have a <(gamma)over tilde> between 1 and O(n), and includes planar graphs and graphs with genus o(n). We improve previous bounds for certain instances of shortest paths and related problems, in this class of graphs. These problems include all pairs shortest paths, all pairs reachability, and detection of a negative cycle.

Publication Title

Theoretical Computer Science

Volume

168

Issue/Number

1

Publication Date

1-1-1996

Document Type

Article

Language

English

First Page

121

Last Page

154

WOS Identifier

WOS:A1996VU91000007

ISSN

0304-3975

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