Title

Characterization Of Nonlinear-Optical Absorption And Refraction

Title - Alternative

Prog. Cryst. Growth Charact. Mater.

Keywords

2-Photon Absorption; N2 Measurements; Free-Carrier; Single-Beam; Semiconductors; Gaas; Dispersion; Crystals; Glasses; Index; Crystallography; Materials Science, Characterization & Testing

Abstract

We discuss the characterization of nonlinear optical processes that give rise to changes in the absorption coefficient and refractive index. We primarily concentrate on methods for determining the dominant nonlinearities present in condensed matter and the responsible physical mechanisms. In extensive studies of a wide variety of material, we have found that there is seldom a single nonlinear process occurring. Often several processes occur simultaneously, sometimes in unison, sometimes competing. It is necessary to experimentally distinguish and separate these processes in order to understand and model the interaction. There are a variety of methods and techniques for determining the nonlinear optical response, each with its own weaknesses and advantages. In general, it is advisable to use as many complementary techniques as possible over a broad spectral range in order to unambiguously determine the active nonlinearities. Here we concentrate on the use of nonlinear transmittance, Z-scan and degenerate four-wave mixing experiments as applied to polycrystalline and single crystal semiconductors and dielectric materials.

Publication Title

Progress in Crystal Growth and Characterization of Materials

Volume

27

Issue/Number

3-4

Publication Date

1-1-1993

Document Type

Review

Language

English

First Page

279

Last Page

311

WOS Identifier

WOS:A1993NR04900004

ISSN

0146-3535

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