Precision Pointing And Tracking Through Random Media By Exploitation Of The Enhanced Backscatter Phenomenon
Abbreviated Journal Title
precision pointing and tracking; reciprocal path scattering; enhanced; backscatter; RANDOM-PHASE SCREEN; DOUBLE PASSAGE; POLARIZATION; PARTICLES; LIGHT; Optics
The active illumination of a target through a turbulent medium with a monostatic transmitter-receiver results in a naturally occurring conjugate wave caused by reciprocal scattering paths that experience identical phase variations. This reciprocal path-scattering phenomenon produces an enhanced backscatter in the retroverse direction (precisely along the boresight of the pointing telescope). A dual aperture causes this intensity enhancement to take the form of Young's interference fringes. Interference fringes produced by the reciprocal path-scattering phenomenon are temporally stable even in the presence of time-varying turbulence. Choosing the width-to-separation ratio of the dual apertures appropriately and utilizing orthogonal polarizations to suppress the time-varying common-path scattered radiation allow one to achieve interferometric sensitivity in pointing accuracy through a random medium or turbulent atmosphere. Computer simulations are compared with laboratory experimental data. This new precision pointing and tracking technique has potential applications in ground-to-space laser communications, laser power beaming to satellites, and theater missile defense scenarios. (C) 1996 Optical Society of America
Article; Proceedings Paper
"Precision Pointing And Tracking Through Random Media By Exploitation Of The Enhanced Backscatter Phenomenon" (1996). Faculty Bibliography 1990s. 1637.