One- and Two-Photon Stimulated Emission Depletion of a Sulfonyl-Containing Fluorene Derivative
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One- and two-photon stimulated en-fission transitions were investigated by the fluorescence quenching of a sulfonyl-containing fluorene compound, 2,7-bis(4-(phenylsulfonyl)styryl)-9,9-didecyl-9H-fluorene (1), in solution at room temperature using a picosecond pump-probe technique. The nature of stimulated transitions under various fluorescence excitation and quenching conditions was analyzed theoretically, and good agreement with experimental data was demonstrated. Two-photon stimulated transitions S(1) -> S(0) were shown for 1 at lambda(q) = 1064 nm, representing the first report of two-photon stimulated emission depletion (STED) in a molecular system. The two-photon stimulated emission cross section, delta(2PE)(lambda(q)), of fluorene 1 was estimated to be similar to 240-280 GM, suggesting that this compound may be a good candidate for use in two-photon STED microscopy.