PERIODIC RADIO AND H alpha EMISSION FROM THE L DWARF BINARY 2MASSW J0746425+200032: EXPLORING THE MAGNETIC FIELD TOPOLOGY AND RADIUS OF AN L DWARF
Abbreviated Journal Title
radio continuum: stars; stars: activity; stars: low-mass, brown dwarfs; stars: magnetic fields; LOW-MASS STARS; SIMULTANEOUS MULTIWAVELENGTH OBSERVATIONS; ELECTRON-CYCLOTRON MASER; ULTRACOOL DWARFS; BROWN DWARFS; X-RAY; TVLM-513-46546; ROTATION; ASTROMETRY; DISCOVERY; Astronomy & Astrophysics
We present an 8.5 hr simultaneous radio, X-ray, UV, and optical observation of the L dwarf binary 2MASSW J0746425+200032. We detect strong radio emission, dominated by short-duration periodic pulses at 4.86 GHz with P = 124.32 +/- 0.11 min. The stability of the pulse profiles and arrival times demonstrates that they are due to the rotational modulation of a B approximate to 1.7 kG magnetic field. A quiescent nonvariable component is also detected, likely due to emission from a uniform large-scale field. The Ha emission exhibits identical periodicity, but unlike the radio pulses it varies sinusoidally and is offset by exactly 1/4 of a phase. The sinusoidal variations require chromospheric emission from a large-scale field structure, with the radio pulses likely emanating from the magnetic poles. While both light curves can be explained by a rotating misaligned magnetic field, the 1/4 phase lag rules out a symmetric dipole topology since it would result in a phase lag of 1/2 (poloidal field) or zero (toroidal field). We therefore conclude that either (1) the field is dominated by a quadrupole configuration, which can naturally explain the 1/4 phase lag; or (2) the H alpha and/or radio emission regions are not trivially aligned with the field. Regardless of the field topology, we use the measured period along with the known rotation velocity (upsilon sin i approximate to 27 km s(-1)), and the binary orbital inclination (i approximate to 142 degrees), to derive a radius for the primary star of 0.078 +/- 0.010 R(circle dot). This is the first measurement of the radius of an L dwarf, and along with a mass of 0.085 +/- 0.010 M(circle dot) it provides a constraint on the mass-radius relation below 0.1 M(circle dot). We find that the radius is about 30% smaller than expected from theoretical models, even for an age of a few Gyr. The origin of this discrepancy is either a breakdown of the models at the bottom of the main sequence, or a significant misalignment between the rotational and orbital axes.
"PERIODIC RADIO AND H alpha EMISSION FROM THE L DWARF BINARY 2MASSW J0746425+200032: EXPLORING THE MAGNETIC FIELD TOPOLOGY AND RADIUS OF AN L DWARF" (2009). Faculty Bibliography 2000s. 1348.