The Homocysteine-inducible Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress Protein Counteracts Calcium Store Depletion and Induction of CCAAT Enhancer-binding Protein Homologous Protein in a Neurotoxin Model of Parkinson Disease
Abbreviated Journal Title
J. Biol. Chem.
CELL-DEATH; OXIDATIVE STRESS; PC12 CELLS; PERMEABILITY TRANSITION; SARCOPLASMIC-RETICULUM; DOPAMINERGIC-NEURONS; INDUCED APOPTOSIS; CA2+; HOMEOSTASIS; ER STRESS; HERP; Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is a key organelle regulating intracellular Ca(2+) homeostasis. Oxidants and mitochondria-derived free radicals can target ER-based Ca(2+) regulatory proteins and cause uncontrolled Ca(2+) release that may contribute to protracted ER stress and apoptosis. Several ER stress proteins have been suggested to counteract the deregulation of ER Ca(2+) homeostasis and ER stress. Here we showed that knockdown of Herp, an ubiquitin-like domain containing ER stress protein, renders PC12 and MN9D cells vulnerable to 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium-induced cytotoxic cell death by a mechanism involving up-regulation of CHOP expression and ER Ca(2+) depletion. Conversely, Herp overexpression confers protection by blocking 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium-induced CHOP upregulation, ER Ca(2+) store depletion, and mitochondrial Ca(2+) accumulation in a manner dependent on a functional ubiquitin-proteasomal protein degradation pathway. Deletion of the ubiquitin-like domain of Herp or treatment with a proteasomal inhibitor abolished the central function of Herp in ER Ca(2+) homeostasis. Thus, elucidating the underlying molecular mechanism(s) whereby Herp counteracts Ca(2+) disturbances will provide insights into the molecular cascade of cell death in dopaminergic neurons and may uncover novel therapeutic strategies to prevent and ameliorate Parkinson disease progression.
Journal of Biological Chemistry
"The Homocysteine-inducible Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress Protein Counteracts Calcium Store Depletion and Induction of CCAAT Enhancer-binding Protein Homologous Protein in a Neurotoxin Model of Parkinson Disease" (2009). Faculty Bibliography 2000s. 1422.