Modal, spectral, and polarization entanglement in guided-wave parametric down-conversion
Abbreviated Journal Title
Phys. Rev. A
light polarisation; optical frequency conversion; optical waveguides; quantum entanglement; quantum optics; two-photon processes; OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY; 2ND-HARMONIC GENERATION; PHASE; PHOTONS; DOWNCONVERSION; MOMENTUM; PAIRS; Optics; Physics, Atomic, Molecular & Chemical
We examine the modal, spectral, and polarization entanglement properties of photon pairs generated in a nonlinear periodically poled two-mode waveguide (one-dimensional planar or two-dimensional circular) via nondegenerate spontaneous parametric down-conversion. Any of the possible degrees of freedom-mode number, frequency, or polarization-can be used to distinguish the down-converted photons while the others serve as attributes of entanglement. Distinguishing the down-converted photons based on their mode numbers enables us to efficiently generate spectral or polarization entanglement that is either narrowband or broadband. On the other hand, when the generated photons are distinguished by their frequencies in a type-0 process, modal entanglement turns out to be an efficient alternative to polarization entanglement. Moreover, modal entanglement in type-II down-conversion may be used to generate a doubly entangled state in frequency and polarization.
Physical Review A
"Modal, spectral, and polarization entanglement in guided-wave parametric down-conversion" (2009). Faculty Bibliography 2000s. 2086.