High birefringence phenyl tolane positive compounds for dual frequency liquid crystals
Dual frequency liquid crystals (DFLCs) provide a possibility to achieve sub-millisecond rise and decay times and are useful for various electro-optical devices. In most of DFLC mixtures, ester compounds are utilised in order to obtain a low crossover frequency. However, the ester linking group does not provide electron conjugation so that the DFLC mixtures usually exhibit a limited birefringence (n 0.3 at = 633 nm). For phase modulation a lower birefringence demands a thicker cell gap which, in turn, increases the response time and operating voltage. This problem becomes more severe as the wavelength increases. In this paper, we introduce a series of isothiocyanato phenyl tolane positive compounds with high birefringence and moderate dielectric relaxation frequency. The dielectric and electro-optical properties of these compounds are investigated. We also formulated a DFLC mixture using these new positive compounds which exhibits n = 0.39 at = 633 nm and 0.33 at = 1550 nm.
"High birefringence phenyl tolane positive compounds for dual frequency liquid crystals" (2009). Faculty Bibliography 2000s. 2203.