Effects of intrapulse structure on hole geometry in laser drilling
Abbreviated Journal Title
J. Laser Appl.
laser drilling; taper angle; recast layer; laser pulse shape; pulse; length; Materials Science, Multidisciplinary; Optics; Physics, Applied
Lasers have been established as a commercial tool for drilling holes in a variety of materials. The beam quality and temporal shape of the laser pulse have been identified as critical parameters to create high quality (deeper holes, minimum taper angle, and minimum recast layer) holes. However, little attention has been directed toward an analytic investigation of the effect of different temporal pulse shapes on these product variables. In this study, a leading-edge, sharp-spiked, and a rectangular Nd:YAG laser pulse were used to drill holes in stainless steel 304 to examine the effects of these temporally different laser pulses on the drilling process. It is found that holes drilled with the sharp-spiked laser pulse are significantly deeper than for the case of rectangular pulses. Also an optimum processing regime is identified to drill holes with minimum taper angle and recast layer. A mathematical model describing the drilling process is presented in this article for different temporal profiles of the pulsed laser beams. The model assumes one-dimensional heat conduction in the material and it incorporates the Stefan conditions at the solid-liquid and liquid-vapor interfaces. The predicted drill depth and recast layer thickness are larger than the experimental data but follow the same trend. (C) 2000 Laser Institute of American. [S1042-346X(00)00106-6].
Journal of Laser Applications
"Effects of intrapulse structure on hole geometry in laser drilling" (2000). Faculty Bibliography 2000s. 2463.