An interval-based temporal algebra based on binary encoding of point relations
Abbreviated Journal Title
Int. J. Intell. Syst.
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence
This paper presents a method for representing temporal interval relations using a bit-encoded form of the relationships between interval end points. The set of bit patterns for each interval relationship yields a unique, single-byte signature that forms the basis of a binary temporal algebra. Also presented is a matrix multiplication algorithm for computing transitive relations based on the definition of sum and product operations for the bit-encoded relation signatures. This bit-encoding encompasses the representation of unknown relations between end points of mig intervals and captures ambiguities within a temporal system while providing an efficient binary algebra. Finally, an algorithm to compute the transitive closure over a set of intervals forming a temporal system is presented. The algorithm's complexity is analyzed and is O(n(3)), worst case, where n is the number of temporal intervals within the system. Empirical observations indicate that the closure algorithm completes in O(n(2)) time, on average. The small memory footprint for the bit-code, the algorithmic transitive relation calculation, and the closure algorithm, together, form an efficient method for providing machine-based temporal reasoning capabilities. (C) 2000 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
International Journal of Intelligent Systems
"An interval-based temporal algebra based on binary encoding of point relations" (2000). Faculty Bibliography 2000s. 2654.