Theory of optical scintillation: Gaussian-beam wave model
Abbreviated Journal Title
Waves Random Media
IRRADIANCE-VARIANCE; INNER-SCALE; SPATIAL COHERENCE; SPECTRAL MODEL; FLUCTUATIONS; TURBULENCE; PROPAGATION; ATMOSPHERE; WEAK; Physics, Multidisciplinary
A scintillation model previously developed by the authors is extended in this paper to the case of a propagating Gaussian-beam wave. As in the previous model, we account for the loss of spatial coherence as the optical wave propagates through atmospheric turbulence by eliminating effects of certain turbulent scale sizes that exist between the scale size of the spatial coherence radius of the beam and that of the scattering disc. These mid-range scale-size effects are eliminated through the formal introduction of spatial frequency filters that continually adjust spatial cut-off frequencies as the optical wave propagates. Unlike the previous model, in this paper we include the effect of a finite outer scale in addition to the inner scale. With a finite outer scale, the scintillation index can be substantially lower in strong turbulence than that predicted by a model with an infinite outer scale. This particular behaviour of scintillation in strong turbulence, mostly associated with horizontal paths near the ground, cannot be explained on the basis of previous expressions deduced from the asymptotic theory. Comparisons of the scintillation models with published experimental and simulation data through weak and strong irradiance fluctuations show excellent fits.
Waves in Random Media
"Theory of optical scintillation: Gaussian-beam wave model" (2001). Faculty Bibliography 2000s. 2910.