BAW temperature sensitivity and coupling in langanite
Abbreviated Journal Title
IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control
Acoustics; Engineering, Electrical & Electronic
One of the now materials belonging to the trigonal class 32, to which quartz belongs, is langanite (LGN, La(3)Ga(5.5)Nb(0.5)O(14)). High-quality LGN single crystals are now available, and, although similar in composition and structure to langasite (LGS, La(3)Ga(5)SiO(14)), LGN has smaller thermal expansion coefficients and comparable piezoelectric constants to LGS. These are desirable material properties for both SAW and BAW applications that require low frequency dependence on temperature. This paper examines in detail the LGN characteristics: phase velocity, temperature coefficient of frequency (TCF), electromechanical coupling coefficient, and power flow angle for both singly and doubly rotated plate cuts. Contour plots of these characteristics are constructed, revealing orientation regions where zero TCF and high coupling exist and suggesting potentially interesting cuts for practical BAW device design. Temperature compensated cut regions with coupling coefficients as high as 0.16 are predicted, which is twice the value for AT-cut quartz. along with a temperature compensated cut with cubic behavior around room temperature for one of the sets of material constants used. With such desirable properties. LGN is a promising candidate material for BAW applications requiring low temperature sensitivity with superior bandwidth characteristics due to its values of coupling coefficient larger than quartz. Several other orientations with low TCF and high coupling are also identified.
Ieee Transactions on Ultrasonics Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control
"BAW temperature sensitivity and coupling in langanite" (2002). Faculty Bibliography 2000s. 3143.