Title

Hexagonal lattice of 10-nm magnetic dots

Authors

Authors

L. Malkinski; R. E. Camley; Z. Celinski; T. A. Winningham; S. G. Whipple;K. Douglas

Comments

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Abbreviated Journal Title

J. Appl. Phys.

Keywords

ANISOTROPIES; Physics, Applied

Abstract

We have grown precisely ordered and precisely located arrays of ultra-small magnetic dots. The nanofabrication process is based on the use of a protein crystal etch mask which is used to create a hexagonal lattice of holes in Si substrates. An assembly of (Fe/Pd)(4) dots with the average dot size of 10 nm in diameter, 6.5 nm height, and an average separation between dot centers of 22 nm was grown using molecular-beam epitaxy. The dot locations are determined by the biological mask that is used to create ordered arrays of similar to4 nm deep holes in Si. Fe/Pd multilayers (1 nm thick Fe and 0.4 nm thick Pd layers) were deposited to create dots within these holes. The dots extend similar to2.5 nm above the surface, with a thicker (1.5 nm) final layer of Pd for protection of these structures during measurements. Magneto-optical Kerr effect and magnetometry data showed that these objects are magnetic even at room temperature and are fairly soft with a coercive field of similar to40 Oe. Measurements of the hysteresis loop revealed that magnetization is in plane and that 4piM(eff) is on the order of 15 kG. (C) 2003 American Institute of Physics.

Journal Title

Journal of Applied Physics

Volume

93

Issue/Number

10

Publication Date

1-1-2003

Document Type

Article; Proceedings Paper

Language

English

First Page

7325

Last Page

7327

WOS Identifier

WOS:000182822300298

ISSN

0021-8979

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