Linking roadway geometrics and real-time traffic characteristics to model daytime freeway crashes - Generalized estimating equations for correlated data
LONGITUDINAL DATA; LINEAR-MODELS; ACCIDENTS; Engineering, Civil; Mathematics, Interdisciplinary Applications; Statistics & Probability; Transportation Science & Technology
A model was developed to predict daytime crashes on a freeway when real-time traffic flow characteristics and roadway geometric features are known. The data used were for 337 daytime crashes that occurred on Interstate 4 in 1999 in Orlando, Florida (13.25 mi), where corresponding loop detector traffic data were available upstream and downstream of the location of every crash and for at least 30 min before the crash occurred. The traffic data included average speed, volume, and occupancy rate for every 30 s at 0.5-mi intervals. Traffic characteristics for noncrash cases at the same locations and at similar times of the crash cases were extracted and fed to the model. The generalized estimating equations technique with binomial probit link function was used to account for correlation between crashes that occurred at the same location. Three different correlation structures (independent, exchangeable, autoregressive) were used, discussed, and compared. The modeling results showed that the existence of an on-ramp increases the likelihood of a crash within 0.5 mi downstream of the crash location. High variability in speed for a period of 15 min in a certain location was shown to increase the likelihood of a crash 0.5 mi downstream. Unlike speed, low variability in volume over 15 min was shown to increase the likelihood of a crash at 1 mi downstream.
Statistical Methods and Safety Data Analysis and Evaluation
"Linking roadway geometrics and real-time traffic characteristics to model daytime freeway crashes - Generalized estimating equations for correlated data" (2004). Faculty Bibliography 2000s. 4162.