In vitro and in vivo antimalarial activity of peptidomimetic protein farnesyltransferase inhibitors with improved membrane permeability
Abbreviated Journal Title
Bioorg. Med. Chem.
Plasmodium falciparum; peptidomimetic; protein farnesyltransferase; ester prodrug; PLASMODIUM-FALCIPARUM; TRYPANOSOMA-BRUCEI; MALARIA; FARNESYLATION; TRANSFERASE; Biochemistry & Molecular Biology; Chemistry, Medicinal; Chemistry, ; Organic
A series of protein farnesyltransferase inhibitor ester prodrugs of FTI-2148 (17) were synthesized in order to evaluate the effects of ester structure modification on antimalarial activity and for further development of a farnesyltransferase inhibitor with in vivo activity. Evaluation against P. faliparum in red blood cells showed that all the investigated esters exhibited significant antimalarial activity, with the benzyl ester 16 showing the best inhibition (ED50 = 150nM). Additionally, compound 16 displayed in vivo activity and was found to suppress parasitemia by 46.1 %, at a dose of 50 mg kg(-1)day(-1) against Plasmodium berghei in mice. The enhanced inhibition potency of the esters is consistent with improved cell membrane permeability compared to that of the free acid. The results of this study suggest that protein farnesyltransferase is a valid antimalarial drug target and that the antimalarial activity of these compounds derives from a balance between the hydrophobic character and the size and conformation of the ester moiety. (C) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
"In vitro and in vivo antimalarial activity of peptidomimetic protein farnesyltransferase inhibitors with improved membrane permeability" (2004). Faculty Bibliography 2000s. 4246.