Chemical mechanical polishing of nickel for applications in MEMS devices
Abbreviated Journal Title
nickel; CMP; electrochemistry; MEMS; XPS; ELECTROCHEMICAL-BEHAVIOR; CORROSION-INHIBITOR; COPPER; PLANARIZATION; SLURRY; ACID; Engineering, Electrical & Electronic; Nanoscience & Nanotechnology; Optics; Physics, Applied
Chemical mechanical planarization (CMP) has found extensive application in the fabrication of micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS). Nickel and nickel based alloys are known to possess favorable properties that make them promising candidates to realize movable structures for MEMS applications. The development of CMP slurry chemistry for Ni that provides good CMP performance is the key in enabling CMP technology for nickel based MEMS device fabrication. In this study, CMP of nickel was performed using H2O2 as oxidizer and alumina particles as abrasives. Electrochemical techniques were used to investigate the dissolution/passivation behavior of high-purity Ni under static and dynamic conditions at pH 4 with varying H2O2 concentration. The affected surface layers of the statically etched Ni-disc were investigated using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The Ni removal rate reached a maximum at 1% H2O2 concentration and decreased with a further increase in H2O2 concentration. The electrochemical results indicate that the surface chemistry and electrochemical characteristic of Ni play an important role in controlling the polishing behavior. (C) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
"Chemical mechanical polishing of nickel for applications in MEMS devices" (2004). Faculty Bibliography 2000s. 4327.