Title

Surface structure and topology in surface stabilized Co-nanoparticles with a thin Al2O3 amorphous layer

Authors

Authors

S. Rana; S. Ram; S. Seal;S. K. Roy

Comments

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Abbreviated Journal Title

Appl. Surf. Sci.

Keywords

surface topology; phase transformation; surface modified; co-nanoparticles; nanocermets; XPS analysis; microstructure; X-ray; diffraction; MAGNETIC-PROPERTIES; ENCAPSULATED NANOPARTICLES; PARTICLES; CLUSTERS; TRANSFORMATIONS; MICROSTRUCTURE; TRANSITION; JUNCTIONS; GROWTH; FCC; Chemistry, Physical; Materials Science, Coatings & Films; Physics, ; Applied; Physics, Condensed Matter

Abstract

Heating an amorphous Co2+ :AlO(OH).alphaH(2)O gel under a reducing atmosphere of pure gas at 700-850 degreesC temperature results in surface stabilized Co-metal nanoparticles with a thin Al2O3 ceramic surface layer. At early temperatures during heating, the gel decomposes and disperses in a refined structure in divided Co2+ groups through a matrix of Al2O3 (amorphous). A reconstructive Co2+ + H-2 --> Co + 2H(+) reaction operates in the divided groups to result in isolated Co-particles. Formation and existence of Al2O3 layer (in a limited thickness t less than or equal to R-0, with R-0 similar to 4.28 nm the critical Al2O3 dimension to grow as a stable crystallite) over growing Co-particles control the process in a high-energy metastable fee or bee Co allotrope structure. Average crystallite size thus hardly grows to be as big as 41 nm. A large value of surface energy sigma = 0.790 J/m(2) in Al2O3, in comparison to 0.234 J/m(2) in fee or 0.279 J/m(2) in hcp Co, inhibits a moderate diffusion of surface atoms and in turn controls the nucleation and growth in small Co-particles. Otherwise, a particle of pure Co metal grows rapidly in the hcp bulk structure. The results of the Al2O3 surface modified fee and bcc Co are analyzed with X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy in correlation of X-ray diffraction and microstructure. (C) 2004 Published by Elsevier B.V.

Journal Title

Applied Surface Science

Volume

236

Issue/Number

1-4

Publication Date

1-1-2004

Document Type

Article

Language

English

First Page

141

Last Page

154

WOS Identifier

WOS:000224035500018

ISSN

0169-4332

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