Title

On the relationship of magnetocrystalline anisotropy and stoichiometry in epitaxial L1(0) CoPt (001) and FePt (001) thin films

Authors

Authors

K. Barmak; J. Kim; L. H. Lewis; K. R. Coffey; M. F. Toney; A. J. Kellock;J. U. Thiele

Comments

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Abbreviated Journal Title

J. Appl. Phys.

Keywords

PERPENDICULAR MAGNETIC-ANISOTROPY; GROWTH TEMPERATURE-DEPENDENCE; RECORDING MEDIA; ORDERING TEMPERATURE; GRANULAR FILMS; GRAIN-GROWTH; EQUIATOMIC COMPOSITION; FE/PT MULTILAYERS; DOMAIN-STRUCTURE; PLATINUM; COBALT; Physics, Applied

Abstract

Two series of epitaxial CoPt and FePt films, with nominal thicknesses of 42 or 50 nm, were prepared by sputtering onto single-crystal MgO(001) substrates in order to investigate the chemical ordering and the resultant magnetic properties as a function of alloy composition. In the first series, the film composition was kept constant, while the substrate temperature was increased from 144 to 704 degrees C. In the second series the substrate temperature was kept constant at 704 degrees C for CoPt and 620 degrees C for FePt, while the alloy stoichiometry was varied in the nominal range of 40-60-at. % Co(Fe). Film compositions and thicknesses were measured via Rutherford backscattering spectrometry. The lattice and long-range order parameter for the L1(0) phase were obtained for both sets of films using x-ray diffraction. The room-temperature magnetocrystalline anisotropy constants were determined for a subset of the films using torque magnetometry. The order parameter was found to increase with increasing temperature, with ordering occurring more readily in FePt when compared with CoPt. A perpendicular anisotropy developed in CoPt for substrate temperatures above 534 degrees C and in FePt above 321 degrees C. The structure and width of the magnetic domains in CoPt and FePt, as seen by magnetic force microscopy, also demonstrated an increase in magnetic anisotropy with increasing temperature. For the films deposited at the highest temperatures (704 degrees C for CoPt and 620 degrees C for FePt), the order parameter reached a maximum near the equiatomic composition, whereas the magnetocrystalline anisotropy increased as the concentration of Co or Fe was increased from below to slightly above the equiatomic composition. It is concluded that nonstoichiometric L1(0) CoPt and FePt, with a slight excess of Co or Fe, are preferable for applications requiring the highest anisotropies. (c) 2005 American Institute of Physics.

Journal Title

Journal of Applied Physics

Volume

98

Issue/Number

3

Publication Date

1-1-2005

Document Type

Article

Language

English

First Page

10

WOS Identifier

WOS:000231246100066

ISSN

0021-8979

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