Specific delivery of therapeutic RNAs to cancer cells via the dimerization mechanism of phi29 motor pRNA
Abbreviated Journal Title
Hum. Gene Ther.
BACTERIOPHAGE-PHI-29 DNA; SEQUENCE REQUIREMENT; HAMMERHEAD RIBOZYME; MAMMALIAN-CELLS; FOLATE RECEPTOR; POTENTIAL PARTS; PHAGE PHI-29; VIRAL-RNA; INTERFERENCE; INHIBITION; Biotechnology & Applied Microbiology; Genetics & Heredity; Medicine, ; Research & Experimental
The application of small RNA in therapy has been hindered by the lack of an efficient and safe delivery system to target specific cells. Packaging RNA (pRNA), part of the DNA-packaging motor of bacteriophage phi29(phi 29), was manipulated by RNA nanotechnology to make chimeric RNAs that form dimers via interlocking right- and left-hand loops. Fusing pRNA with receptor-binding RNA aptamer, folate, small interfering RNA (siRNA), ribozyme, or another chemical group did not disturb dimer formation or interfere with the function of the inserted moieties. Incubation of cancer cells with the pRNA dimer, one subunit of which harbored the receptor-binding moiety and the other harboring the gene-silencing molecule, resulted in their binding and entry into the cells, and subsequent silencing of anti/proapoptotic genes. The chimeric pRNA complex was found to be processed into functional double-stranded siRNA by Dicer (RNA-specific endonuclease). Animal trials confirmed the suppression of tumorigenicity of cancer cells by ex vivo delivery. It has been reported [Shu, D., Moll, W.-D., Deng, Z., Mao, C., and Guo, P. (2004). Nano Lett. 4:1717-1724] that RNA can be used as a building block for bottom-up assembly in nanotechnology. The assembly of protein-free 25-nm RNA nanoparticles reported here will allow for repeated long-term administration and avoid the problems of short retention time of small molecules and the difficulties in the delivery of particles larger than 100 nm.
Human Gene Therapy
"Specific delivery of therapeutic RNAs to cancer cells via the dimerization mechanism of phi29 motor pRNA" (2005). Faculty Bibliography 2000s. 5237.