Title

Field demonstration of DNAPL dehalogenation using emulsified zero-valent iron

Authors

Authors

J. Quinn; C. Geiger; C. Clausen; K. Brooks; C. Coon; S. O'Hara; T. Krug; D. Major; W. S. Yoon; A. Gavaskar;T. Holdsworth

Comments

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Abbreviated Journal Title

Environ. Sci. Technol.

Keywords

Engineering, Environmental; Environmental Sciences

Abstract

This paper describes the results of the first field-scale demonstration conducted to evaluate the performance of nanoscale emulsified zero-valent iron (EZVI) injected into the saturated zone to enhance in situ dehalogenation of dense, nonaqueous phase liquids (DNAPLs) containing trichloroethene (TCE). EZVI is an innovative and emerging remediation technology. EZVI is a surfactant-stabilized, biodegradable emulsion that forms emulsion droplets consisting of an oil-liquid membrane surrounding zerovalent iron (ZVI) particles in water. EZVI was injected over a five day period into eight wells in a demonstration test area within a larger DNAPL source area at NASA's Launch Complex 34 (LC34) using a pressure pulse injection method. Soil and groundwater samples were collected before and after treatment and analyzed for volatile organic compounds (VOCs) to evaluate the changes in VOC mass, concentration and mass flux. Significant reductions in TCE soil concentrations (>80%) were observed at four of the six soil sampling locations within 90 days of EZVI injection. Somewhat lower reductions were observed at the other two soil sampling locations where visual observations suggest that most of the EZV1 migrated up above the target treatment depth. Significant reductions in TICE groundwater concentrations (57 to 100%) were observed at all depths targeted with EZVI. Groundwater samples from the treatment area also showed significant increases in the concentrations of cis-1,2-dichloroethene (cDCE), vinyl chloride (VC) and ethene. The decrease in concentrations of TICE in soil and groundwater samples following treatment with EZVI is believed to be due to abiotic degradation associated with the ZVI as well as biodegradation enhanced by the presence of the oil and surfactant in the EZVI emulsion

Journal Title

Environmental Science & Technology

Volume

39

Issue/Number

5

Publication Date

1-1-2005

Document Type

Article

Language

English

First Page

1309

Last Page

1318

WOS Identifier

WOS:000227257400025

ISSN

0013-936X

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