Title

Observations on real-time prostate gland motion using electromagnetic tracking

Authors

Authors

K. M. Langen; T. R. Willoughby; S. L. Meeks; A. Santhanam; A. Cunningham; L. Levine;P. A. Kupelian

Comments

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Abbreviated Journal Title

Int. J. Radiat. Oncol. Biol. Phys.

Keywords

prostatic neoplasms; radiotherapy; guidance; electromagnetic tracking; LOCALIZATION SYSTEM; TREATMENT POSITIONS; CINE-MRI; RADIOTHERAPY; MOVEMENT; MARKERS; CANCER; EXPERIENCE; Oncology; Radiology, Nuclear Medicine & Medical Imaging

Abstract

Purpose: To quantify and describe the real-time movement of the prostate gland in a large data set of patients treated with radiotherapy. Methods and Materials: The Calypso four-dimensional localization system was used for target localization in 17 patients, with electromagnetic markers implanted in the prostate of each patient. We analyzed a total of 550 continuous tracking sessions. The fraction of time that the prostate was displaced by >3, >5, >7, and >10 mm was calculated for each session and patient. The frequencies of displacements after initial patient positioning were analyzed over time. Results: Averaged over all patients, the prostate was displaced >3 and >5 mm for 13.6% and 3.3% of the total treatment time, respectively. For individual patients, the corresponding maximal values were 36.2% and 10.9%. For individual fractions, the corresponding maximal values were 98.7% and 98.6%. Displacements >3 mm were observed at 5 min after initial alignment in about one-eighth of the observations, and increased to one-quarter by 10 min. For individual patients, the maximal value of the displacements >3 mm at 5 and 10 min after initial positioning was 43% and 75%, respectively. Conclusion: On average, the prostate was displaced by >3 mm and >5 mm approximately 14% and 3% of the time, respectively. For individual patients, these values were up to three times greater. After the initial positioning, the likelihood of displacement of the prostate gland increased with elapsed time. This highlights the importance of initiating treatment shortly after initially positioning the patient. (C) 2008 Elsevier Inc.

Journal Title

International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics

Volume

71

Issue/Number

4

Publication Date

1-1-2008

Document Type

Article

Language

English

First Page

1084

Last Page

1090

WOS Identifier

WOS:000257299200017

ISSN

0360-3016

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